A router is a networking device that forwards data packets between computer networks. Routers perform the "traffic directing" functions on the Internet. A data packet is typically forwarded from one router to another through the networks that constitute the internetwork until it reaches its destination node.
A router is connected to two or more data lines from different networks (as opposed to a network switch, which connects data lines from one single network). When a data packet comes in on one of the lines, the router reads the address information in the packet to determine its ultimate destination. Then, using information in its routing table or routing policy, it directs the packet to the next network on its journey. This creates an overlay internetwork.
The most familiar type of routers are home and small office routers that simply pass data, such as web pages, email, IM, and videos between the home computers and the Internet. An example of a router would be the owner's cable or DSL router, which connects to the Internet through an ISP. More sophisticated routers, such as enterprise routers, connect large business or ISP networks up to the powerful core routers that forward data at high speed along the optical fiber lines of the Internet backbone. Though routers are typically dedicated hardware devices, use of software-based routers has grown increasingly common.
Accessing the router’s web-based setup page is very important especially if you want to configure advanced settings. Some common configurations that can be done on the page is to set up a wireless security for your network, forward ports for your game console and video camera, and set up your router.
To access router webpage...
In the Address bar, enter “192.168.2.1” as the router’s default IP address then press [Enter].
Network Switch vs Router
What is a Network Switch versus a Router? Switches create a network. Routers connect networks. A router links computers to the Internet, so users can share the connection. A router acts as a dispatcher, choosing the best path for information to travel so it's received quickly.
- ↑ "Overview Of Key Routing Protocol Concepts: Architectures, Protocol Types, Algorithms and Metrics". Tcpipguide.com. Retrieved 15 January 2011
- ↑ LinkSys. "How to access the router’s web-based setup page."http://www.linksys.com/us/support-article?articleNum=135561.
- ↑ Cisco. "What is a Network Switch vs. a Router?" accessdate 8/31/2015. http://www.cisco.com/cisco/web/solutions/small_business/resource_center/articles/connect_employees_and_offices/what_is_a_network_switch/index.html?referring_site=smartnavRD